Toxoplasma gondii

  • Disease: Toxoplasmosis
  • Definitive host: Cats
  • Human is the intermediate host; also rats, pigs, cattle, sheep, and birds
  • Location of tissue cysts in human: Various tissues – common in brain and skeletal and cardiac muscles
  • Infective stage to human: Mature oocyst
  • Diagnosis of infection in human: Mainly via immunological assays to detect antibodies; Stained biopsy tissues useful to detect tissue cysts
Morphological Features of Mature Oocysts
  • Size: 10-12 µm in diameter
  • Spherical with thick wall
  • Contain two sporocysts 

Found in infected cat faeces